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Succeeding party founder Sun Yat-sen as KMT leader in , he expelled Chinese communists from the party and led a successful unification of China. Victory could not disguise the terrible state that the war had left China in, her society in chaos, her economy in tatters. Nationalist Party of China After Chinese who had worked with the Japanese Another immediate problem for the Chinese government was what to do with Chinese who had worked with the Japanese.

The Cold War for Kids: Chinese Civil War

The leftists rejected Chiang's command and Chiang denounced the leftists for betraying Sun Yat-sen's Three Principles of the People by taking orders from the Soviet Union.

The result, instead, was a massive decline in agricultural output, which, together with poor harvests, led to famine and the deaths of millions.

Stalin effectively directed the insurgency — the Soviet Union supplied not only weapons and ammunition, but also advisors and troops. BBC News. San Francisco, W.

Chiang Kai-shek

The railway system was heavily damaged. Diana Lary is the author of China's Civil War He promised nothing to the nation — no democracy, no peace bonus, no stability.

This action marked the beginning of July 7th: Log in Sign Up Create a Foreign Policy account to access 3 articles per month and free newsletters developed by policy experts Loading. The government and its soldiers treated the entire local population as active collaborators with the Japanese, which meant that they could be fired from their jobs, stripped of their property, their businesses and their farms.

Chinese Civil War - New World Encyclopedia

He felt helpless in his wartime capital of Chongqing. In Shenyang and other places in Manchuria the archives were burnt. London; New York: The GMD return felt more like the onslaught of a plague of locusts than a liberation.

The peace brought a brief upsurge in both in late and early , but by the end of it was over, the result of currency confusion and of inflation. The parade also represented a shift of focus.

Timeline of Events in China Facing History and Ourselves

Manwaring, Anthony James Joes. View Comments. Economic collapse Immediately after the end of the war, the wartime inflationary spiral reversed itself briefly. During this period, the Soviets systematically dismantled the extensive Japanese industrial base in Manchuria and shipped it back to their war-ravaged country. Subscribe today. The reestablishment of the political order was fragile.

By the end of the war, the Communists had gained the political support of large portions of the peasant masses in occupied China, though they were short of military supplies and small arms.

Subscribe to Our Blog. By , however, the KMT had divided into left- and right-wing factions, and the Communist bloc within it was also growing. Diana Lary.